There are many forms of macular conditions; age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common while juvenile macular dystrophies are very rare. Other common macular conditions include myopic maculopathy, macular holes, diabetic macular oedema and retinal vein occlusion.
The macula is part of the retina at the back of the eye. It is only about 5mm across but is responsible for all of our central vision, most of our colour vision and the fine detail of what we see.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of sight loss in the developed world. In the UK more than 600,000 people are affected by AMD.
Juvenile macular dystrophies covers a large number of rare, inherited conditions. They can appear in childhood, but some are not diagnosed until later in life.
This section provides brief information about a range of other macular conditions.