There are two types of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Wet AMD and dry AMD.
Wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) develops when abnormal blood vessels grow into the macula. These leak blood or fluid which leads to scarring of the macula and rapid loss of central vision. Wet AMD can develop very suddenly. It can now be treated if caught quickly. Fast referral to a hospital specialist is essential.
Treating wet AMD
Wet AMD can be treated if caught early. Drugs are injected into the eye to stop the growth of the abnormal blood vessels. Following diagnosis people will usually have a loading dose of three injections, once a month for three months. A patient will then be assessed to see if more are required.
The injections are not as bad as they might sound. The patient’s eye is anaesthetised and the needle goes into the corner of the eye so the patient does not see it.
Some people do not respond to the injections and may be offered a form of laser treatment instead. There are a range of treatments and options although not all are available on the NHS.